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Tambo Blanquillo - Stay in a family owned Manu Lodge and discover The Wonders of the Peruvian Jungle
Av. Nicolás de Piérola 265
Barranco, Lima 04 – Perú
tambo.blanquillo
(+51) 1 249 9342
(+51) 987 939 992

FAMILY BIRDS

Psittacidae

A family of parrots with a large and diverse population in South America, and one of the best-known families in Manú. Parrots are frequent visitors to clay licks and make for easy spotting in this region.

 


Blue-and-yellow Macaw

Ara ararauna

Blue and Yellow Macaw

Blue and Yellow Macaw

Appearance:

  • Vivid, with blue wings and tail, dark blue chin, golden underparts, and green forehead.
  • Beaks are black, the face white, turning pink when excited, and lined with small black feathers.
  • Some have undersides more orangey or butterscotch in colour.
  • They can be up to 76 to 86cm long and weigh 900 to 1500gm.

Behaviour:

  • It uses its powerful beak for breaking nut shells, also for climbing and hanging from trees.
  • Feeds mainly in trees.
  • Occasionally eats clay.
  • Gregarious, it is often in pairs, or in groups of up to 20 or 30.
  • Can be very aggressive, but as a baby it can be playful.

Voice:

  • Loud, guttural “rraa-aaar” or “kurr-raak” can be heard over long distances
  • Where & how to spot in Manu:
  • They nest in holes in dead trees, fairly high above the ground.
  • A pair fly close to each other, wingtips almost touching.
  • See them flying over rivers or open areas.
  • Active early in the morning and late afternoon.
  • Frequent visitor to clay licks.

 


Red-and-green Macaw

Ara chloropterus

Red and Green Macaw

Red and Green Macaw

Appearance:

  • Breast is bright red.
  • Upper-wing covert feathers are mostly green, sometimes with a few yellow feathers.
  • Characteristic red lines around the eyes formed by rows of tiny feathers on the otherwise bare white skin.
  • The tail has iridescent teal feathers surrounded by red.
  • They can reach 76 to 96 cm in length, 1,250 to 1,700g in weight.

Behaviour:

  • They forage in trees, feeding on seeds, fruits and plant matter.
  • The powerful bill allows the bird to crack open very hard shells.
  • They generally mate for life.
  • They fly with steady, shallow wing beats and can reach 55 km per hour.
  • The female typically lays two or three eggs in a nest made in a hole in a tree.

Voice:

  • A raucous “raw-aawk” repeated, and a screeching “ree-eeah”. When alarmed, it flies off giving loud screeches.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • They nest in holes in trees.
  • They can gather at clay licks. They take in clay as a de-toxifer.
  • Active early in the morning and late in the afternoon.
  • See them flying over rivers or open areas

 


Scarlet Macaw

Ara macao

Scarlet Macaw

Scarlet Macaw

Appearance:

  • Beautiful plumage is mostly scarlet.
  • The rump and tail covert feathers are light blue, the greater upper wing coverts yellow.
  • Upper sides of the flight feathers of the wings are dark blue as are the ends of the tail feathers,.
  • Undersides of the wing and tail flight feathers are dark red with metallic gold iridescence.
  • There is bare white skin around the eye and the face patch has tiny white feathers.
  • They can reach 75 to 90cm in length, 1,000 to 1,100g in weight.

Behaviour:

  • Diet is mainly nuts, leaves, berries and seeds from the forest.
  • The strong, hooked beak is perfect for breaking nuts and seeds.
  • The bird can eat fruit toxic enough to kill other animals but it also eats clay, thought to neutralize plant poisons.
  • They spend their time in tall trees in forests and near water, usually in large, noisy groups.

Voice:

  • Very loud, usually high throaty squawks, squeaks and screams, which can carry many miles.
  • Where & how to spot in Manu:
  • They nest from January through to April in the holes of dead trees.
  • See them at nest holes in palm trees by rivers.
  • They can be seen singly or in pairs flying above the forest canopy.
  • Usually flies in flocks in the early morning and late afternoon to and from roosting and feeding areas.

 


Mealy Amazon

Amazona farinosa

Mealy Amazon

Mealy Amazon

Appearance:

  • A mainly green parrot.
  • Back and nape often have a whitish tinge.
  • The short and squarish tail has two shades of yellow.
  • Occasionally yellow feathers can be seen on the top of the head.
  • The eyes are surrounded by a fairly broad white eye-ring of bare skin.
  • It is about 38 to 41cm long and weighs 540 to 700g.

Behaviour:

  • It is social and can be found in pairs or in large flocks.
  • Known to interact with other parrots, such as macaws.
  • Eats fruits, seeds, berries, nuts, blossoms, and leaf buds.
  • The male regurgitates food for the female during the egg incubation period, and later for the chicks as well.

Voice:

  • Varied calls include screams, whistles, babbles, squawks and chattering.
  • Some mimicry. Noisy in flight.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • They nest in tree cavities.
  • They are usually quiet but can be loud at dusk and dawn.
  • See them flying over trees or perching.
  • Common visitor to clay licks.
  • Active early morning and late afternoon.

 


Yellow-crowned Amazon

Amazona ochrocephala

Yellow-crowned Amazon

Yellow-crowned Amazon

Appearance:

  • Plumage is primarily green.
  • Tail is short and squarish.
  • Forehead and forecrown have yellow feathers.
  • The yellow sometimes extends to the lores (the area between the bill and the eyes).
  • The bill is dark with a reddish spot at the base of the upper mandible.
  • There is a white eye-ring.
  • The bird reaches 33 to 38cm in length and 340 to 535g in weight.

Behaviour:

  • Their food includes fruits, nuts, seeds and berries.
  • They nest in tree hollows.
  • They move quietly in the treetops and fly well above the canopy with rapid, shallow wingbeats.

Voice:

  • A wide variety of shrieks and whistles, and boisterous screams.
  • Where & how to spot in Manu:
  • Normally to be seen in pairs or in flocks of up to 30.
  • Larger groups may gather at clay licks.
  • Active early morning and late afternoon.

 


Blue-headed Parrot

Pionus menstruus

Blue-headed Parrot

Blue-headed Parrot

Appearance:

  • Mainly green with a blue head and neck.
  • Faint red band on throat.
  • Dull black ear coverts, and red undertail coverts tipped with blue/green.
  • Bill is dark grey with red at the base.
  • Eye ring is pale grey.
  • It is about 27cm long and weighs about 230g.

Behaviour:

  • The bird lays three to five white eggs in a tree cavity.
  • They eat fruit and seeds, sometimes grain.
  • They roost communally in trees.

Voice:

  • They are noisy and make light, high-pitched squeaking “sweenk “ calls.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • Their nests are five to six metres from the ground.
  • Large numbers can be seen at roost sites at dawn and dusk.
  • A common visitor to clay licks.
  • Active early morning and late afternoon.

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