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Tambo Blanquillo - Stay in a family owned Manu Lodge and discover The Wonders of the Peruvian Jungle
Av. Nicolás de Piérola 265
Barranco, Lima 04 – Perú
tambo.blanquillo
(+51) 1 249 9342
(+51) 987 939 992

FAMILY BIRDS

Accipitridae

The Accipitridae family includes hawks, eagles, kites and harriers. As birds of prey they have distinctive bills and strong talons. They are active during the day and feed on insects, mammals, carrion. Binoculars are usually necessary for sighting.

 


 

Roadside Hawk

Rupornis magnirostris

Roadside Hawk

Roadside Hawk

Appearance:

  • Mostly brown or grey, sometimes with a light reddish-brown colour (rufous) on the wings while in flight.
  • Males are roughly 20 per cent smaller than females. Apart from that the sexes are similar.
  • They are 31 to 41cm long.

Behaviour:

  • Feeds on small prey including insects, reptiles and small mammals.
  • They often perch on light poles, trees and antennae.
  • They are not a social species.
  • They fly with short wing beats, rarely soaring.

Voice:

  • A very high-pitched, piercing squeak, usually uttered from a perch – “rreeeaew” or “meeeahhh”.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • Their nests are compact platforms built in trees at medium to high heights.
  • Found normally on trails, and beside rivers and roads (hence its name).
  • Active mostly late morning to early evening (raptors need warmer air and use thermal currents to fly more efficiently).
  • Binoculars are always needed.
  • Look for them on high branches by roads, perched on wood stumps on the river banks or perched on cecropia trees on trails.

 

 


 

Ornate Hawk-Eagle

Spizaetus ornatus

Ornate Hawk-Eagle

Ornate Hawk-Eagle

Appearance:

  • A prominent pointed crest, which is raised when excited.
  • Bill is black, and the tail long and rounded with broad black bars.
  • Crown is black, sides of neck and chest are chestnut, central breast is white with black edges.
  • Underwings are white, with barred flight feathers. The pattern makes the bird look dark in flight.
  • About 56 to 69cm long and 117 to 142cm across the wings.

Behaviour:

  • The bird builds large stick nests about a metre in diameter in trees, many metres above ground.
  • Mostly still, hunts from hidden perches and swoops on its prey.
  • Feeds on medium mammals, birds and reptiles.
  • Very territorial.

Voice:

  • Scream is a high “whee-oo-whee-oo”.
  • During courtship it utters sharp calls and rapid laughing notes.
  • When hunting, it utters a cry like a cat’s growl.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • Often seen in early morning perching on emergent snags or along forest edges.
  • In late morning can be seen circling low over the canopy, often calling .
  • During the day, they often perch on large limbs within the forest.

 

 


Harpy Eagle

Harpia harpyja

Harpy Eagle

Harpy Eagle

Appearance:

  • Massive, about 86.5 to 107cm long. Females weigh 6 to 9kg, males 4 to 4.8kg.
  • Pale grey head has a double crest and black bill. A broad black band separates the head from the white belly.
  • The upper side has slate black feathers, the underside is mostly white.
  • The upperside of the tail is black with three grey bands, the underside is black with white bands.

Behaviour:

  • Harpy eagles form life-long breeding pairs.
  • They build nests together, chirping while doing so.
  • They nest in tall trees, high above the forest floor.
  • Diet is almost exclusively mammals, such as monkeys, sloths and agoutis.

Voice:

  • Most calls are given at or near the nest.
  • Adults give a penetrating, weak, melancholy scream, usually in a series of 7 to 10 notes.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • It may perch at forest edge or on an emergent tree at a prominent site.
  • Otherwise, it usually is found in the canopy.
  • See it at observation towers
  • Also spot it at clay licks.

 

 


Snail Kite

Rostrhamus sociabilis

Snail Kite - Female

Snail Kite – Female

Snail Kite - Male

Snail Kite – Male

Appearance:

  • Male has dark, blue-grey plumage with darker flight feathers.
  • The female has a whitish face, dark brown upperparts and heavily streaked pale underparts.
  • The beak is dark and deeply hooked.
  • Wings are long and rounded, tail is also long.
  • About 36 to 48cm long, weight is 300 to 570g.

Behaviour:

  • Feeds on large freshwater snails.
  • It hovers or flies slowly above water, and extends its talons to grasp its prey.
  • It flies to a perch where it extracts the snail from its shell and swallows it.

Voice:

  • Usually silent but sometimes makes a harsh cackling.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • Always seen near the water.
  • Needs big lakes with shallow areas to feed.
  • Lives in family groups.

 

 


 

Black-collared Hawk

Busarellus nigricollis

Black Collared Hawk

Black Collared Hawk

Appearance:

  • Head is mostly white, tinged with buff, and with black streaks on the crown.
  • The body, above and below, and the mantle, are bright cinnamon-rufous, paler on the chest.
  • The upper breast has a black crescent, the back has scattered black shaft stripes.
  • The flight and tail feathers are black and the base of the tail has rufous bars.
  • About 51cm. long, it weighs about 650g.

Behaviour:

  • Feeds mainly on fish, hunting from low perches.
  • It swoops on vegetation or shallow water to hunt. Its feet are covered with quills, making it easier to capture the slippery fish.
  • It also feeds on snails and aquatic insects, occasionally lizards and rodents.

Voice:

  • Occasionally makes high-pitched screams, “hi-iiiiiiiii”, and low groans “earrrrrrrrrr”.

Where & how to spot in Manu:

  • Usually nests in a large tree, often near water, sometimes in shade trees.
  • They are always near slow-moving or static water, lakes for example.
  • They perch in the middle of trees and always on the edge of the water.

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